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Information on:

 The current status of Arctic sea ice

Norwegian Meteorological Institute (met.no)

The Norwegian Meteorological Institute (met.no) was founded in 1866 and is a governmental agency. met.no has 420 employees in addition to about 600 observers including staff at the Arctic stations Bjørnøya, Hopen and Jan Mayen. The main office is in Oslo with regional offices in Tromsø and Bergen. The institute operates the 24/7/365. met.no is responsible for the public weather service in Norway, covering both civilian and military purposes. The institute provides information that supports public authorities, businesses and the general public to safeguard life and property, and societal planning and environmental protection. This includes operational forecasting for North Atlantic and Arctic areas. R&D at met.no is supported directly by the government and by projects from research councils, EU, ESA, EUMETSAT and others.

met.no R&D is related to operational numerical modeling. Atmospheric, oceanographic and sea-ice forecasting is continuously improved. In situ and remote sensing observations and data assimilation techniques are used in the work on forecast modeling. Considerable R&D is also centred on environmental models (air pollutants, oil spills, etc.). In recent years development and running of a full-scale global Earth System Model (NorESM) is done as a part of a national initiative. Climate research thus includes global scenario calculations, as well as downscaling to finer resolution over Norway and adjacent seas using regional climate models and statistical-empirical techniques. Research is carried out in collaboration with national and international research institutions.

met.no represents Norway in many international conventions (WMO, ECMWF, EUMETSAT). The institute educates PhD's and hosts postdocs on a regular basis thanks to its close collaboration with, and proximity to, the University of Oslo through CIENS (Oslo Centre for Interdisciplinary Environmental and Social Research). The Norwegian Ice Service is part of met.no's Forecasting Division for Northern Norway in Tromsø. The Ice Service provides daily (working day, Monday-Friday) ice charts for the European sector of the Arctic, with an emphasis on Spitsbergen (Svalbard) which is covered in detail using SAR. The analysts study the current conditions primarily from satellite data and provide ice charts, ice-edge information and an overview of sea surface temperatures.

 

Tasks attributed: met.no will demonstrate monitoring tools for the Arctic environment, assess environmental forecasting capabilities in support of Arctic operations, and provide and adapt Arctic climate scenarios.

 

Principal Investigator:

Harald Schyberg is Senior Scientist in the Remote Sensing Section of the R&D department. Fields of expertise comprise use of satellite observations in data assimilation for numerical weather prediction (NWP) and for extraction of sea surface and sea ice information as well as observation impact studies in NWP. Member of ESA ADM (Atmospheric Dynamic Mission) Science Advisory Group, SRNWP (the Short-Range Numerical Weather Prediction programme of the European meteorological services) Expert Team on Data Assimilation and EUCOS (EUMETNET Composite Observing System) Science Advisory Team.